The emergence of the minibus taxi industry came in the wake of the apartheid government’s policy of economic deregulation (initiated in 1987). Prior to deregulation, African taxi operators had to defy apartheid laws and strict regulations that were prejudicial to Africans. For many commuters, they have become the only viable means of public transportation.
carries over 60% of South Africa’s commuters.
• Violent taxi associations called 'mother bodies' have been allowed to develop and expand virtually unchecked by the authorities. These organisations are behind most of the violence that has come to be associated with the industry. Mother bodies have used their considerable firepower and weight to resist recent government attempts to re-regulate the taxi industry and they are symptomatic of more generalized rising levels of organised crime in post-apartheid South Africa.
• Official corruption and collusion are major factors contributing to the continuation of taxi violence. In particular, the ownership of taxis by police and other government personnel directly aids criminality in the industry and exacerbates attempts to resolve the violence.
- Boudreaux, Karol, "Taxing Alternatives: Poverty Alleviation and the South African Taxi/Minibus Industry"